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Pollen morphology supports the transfer of Wendlandia (Rubiaceae) out of Rondeletieae
2014-07-27 | 编辑: | 【 】【打印 】【 关闭

PEIWU XIE and DIANXIANG ZHANG. 2010 Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 164: 128–141.

ABSTRACT: Pollen morphology of 27 species, eight subspecies and one variety of Wendlandia was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Wendlandia pollen are monads, radiosymmetric, small in size, tricolporate (rarely tetracolporate or bicolporate) and spheroidal (rarely subprolate or suboblate) in equatorial view. The compound aperture consists of ectocolpus, mesoporus and endocolpus. In addition, reticulate sexine and granular nexine were observed. The pollen wall ultrastructure of two Wendlandia spp. was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The exine consists of the tectum, columellae, foot layer and endexine. The endexine is thickened into a costa around the aperture. The intine forms a protruding oncus at the aperture. The palynological characters show a remarkable uniformity among theWendlandia spp. Differences with Rondeletia, the main genus of tribe Rondeletieae, exist in the exine pattern, the endoaperture and the pollen wall structure. Our observations indicated that the endoaperture type and the structure of the pollen wall of Wendlandia were similar to those of the Gardenieae–Pavetteae–Coffeeae–Octotropideae clade, which provided palynological evidence for a closer relationship of Wendlandia to subfamily Ixoroideae and the transfer of Wendlandia out of Rondeletieae.

 

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